The costs of transporting passengers and goods fell by more than seven per cent in 2013, according to the latest edition of IATA’s World Air Transport Statistics (WATS).
The 58th annual report confirms that the cost of passenger travel fell 7.4 per cent compared with 2012, while freight costs 7.1 per cent less.
The WATS also reveal that IATA member carried more than 3.1 billion people last year a 5.1 per cent increase on 2012. Meanwhile the cargo market, which transported 48 million tonnes of cargo, returned to growth in 2013, with freight tonne kilometres up 1.8 per cent compared to 2012.
The cost of aviation fuel fell by 3.9 per cent year-on-year, according to the report, with airlines spending $210bn on fuel in 2013.
IATA’s data confirms that while the US remains the largest single air market, airlines from the Asia-Pacific region transported most passengers. Passenger numbers in Asia-Pacific increased 9.3 per cent to more than one billion in 2013.
“Aviation’s global economic impact is estimated at $2.4 trillion and it supports 3.4 per cent of global GDP. By value, over one-third of goods traded internationally are delivered by air and some 58.1 million jobs are supported by aviation,” said Tony Tyler, IATA’s director general and CEO.
Regional passenger numbers in 2013:
1. Asia-Pacific (1.012 billion passengers, an increase of 9.3 per cent over 2012)
2. Europe (825.9 million passengers, up 3.4 per cent)
3. North America (818.9 million, up 0.7 per cent)
4. Latin America and the Caribbean (240.5 million, up 7.6 per cent )
5. Middle East (157.9 million, an increase of 8.8 per cent)
6. Africa (73.8 million, 5.6 per cent up over 2012).
Top countries by passenger numbers:
1. Africa: South Africa (20.4 million, a decline of 0.1 per cent compared to 2012)
2. Asia-Pacific: People’s Republic of China (404.2 million, an increase of 11.8 per cent)
3. Europe: United Kingdom (177.9 million, up 3.7 per cent over 2012)
4. Latin America and Caribbean: Brazil (92.9 million, an increase of 4.5 per cent over 2012
5. Middle East: United Arab Emirates (45.3 million, an increase of 11.7 per cent),
6. North America: United States (618.1 million, an increase of 3.3 per cent over 2012.)
The top five airlines ranked by scheduled passenger numbers:
1. Delta Air Lines (120.6 million)
2. Southwest Airlines (115.3 million)
3. China Southern Airlines (91.5 million)
4. United Airlines (90.2 million)
5. American Airlines (86.8 million)
The top five airlines ranked by scheduled freight tonnes:
1. Federal Express (7.1 million)
2. UPS Airlines (4.1 million)
3. Emirates (2.1 million)
4. Korean Air (1.4 million)
5. Cathay Pacific Airways (1.3 million)